Working Paper Seminar
IFEA, Istanbul
  • May
    Gabriel Doyle (EHESS)
    “Missionaries and Muhacirs: A spatial perspective on the missionary management of refugees in Istanbul during the Balkan Wars (1912-1913)”

This presentation is drawn from research completed for a Master’s degree at the EHESS in 2014-2015 under the supervision of Professor Nathalie Clayer. It will focus on the massive arrival of refugees in Istanbul during the Balkan Wars, and its consequences on the French-Catholic missionaries at work in the Ottoman capital. Based on missionary archives and the records of the Lazarist François-Xavier Lobry, Visiteur de Constantinople, the thesis aimed to study the spatial strategies of a French congregation. The analysis included constructions and enlargements of buildings as well as real estate acquisition accomplished in his term as local head of the Congregation. What emerged was an understanding of how Père Lobry and his counterparts attempted to increase the number of buildings under their administration while still perceiving them as enclaves separate from the rest of the city. The missionary schools, hospitals and asylums were to operate as legally, materially and symbolically autonomous institutions. However, with the urban crisis that occurred in 1912-1913, missionaries took part in a larger cooperation initiated by Ottoman agents. With the wide array of Catholic charity networks helping refugees as well as injured soldiers, missionaries found themselves working in unfamiliar environments such as mosques or Ottoman hospitals. This urban governance in times of exceptionality created a new urban experience for missionaries, where symbolic barriers were transcended. By analysing spatial perceptions and practices in the cityscape, the paper therefore touches on such historical debates as refugee agency, the Ottoman city and missionary endeavours. The paper is not intended for publication but as a possible blueprint of ideas for Phd research.

  • April
    Hatice Pınar Şenoğuz (Gaziantep Üniversitesi)
    “Violence and conflict across the boundaries of ethnicity: Clashes among migrant communities after Syrian migration in Gaziantep”

This paper addresses the ways in which the forms of discrimination and marginalization develop contention among the migrant communities after the arrival of Syrians in the conflict-ridden outskirts of Gaziantep. The prolonged stay of the Syrians and their outnumbering in ghettoized areas, particularly around the poor neighborhoods, changed the demography of urban settlements and escalated tension among locals into sporadic and widespread violence against refugees. These conflicts crosscut former ethnic-religious clashes among the locals, especially surrounding the ‘Kurdish question’. In the outskirts of the border city Gaziantep, for instance, refugee homes have been attacked in the late summer of 2014, which has been followed by the violent clashes between Kurdish and Turkish locals after Kobane protests that took the Kurdish locals on the street upon the ISIS offensive on this small besieged Kurdish city in the northern Syria. Yet these clashes also lead to the establishment of new social bonds and citizenship practices among these communities.

  • March
    Ceylan Türtük (EHESS)
    « L’expérience sociale du divorce  des femmes turques immigrées en France »

Cette intervention vise à présenter les analyses d’une thèse de doctorat en sociologie en cours de préparation à l’EHESS, sur l’immigration turque en France, précisément sur le changement des rapports sociaux au sein des familles turques dans le contexte migratoire. Nous focaliserons ici notre attention sur le cas des femmes turques divorcées, en examinant en quoi le divorce constitue pour ces femmes une expérience sociale associant des normes de comportements culturels nouvelles et des stratégies d’action sur le plan administratif et social pour continuer à vivre en France où elles ont immigré après leur mariage. L’examen de ces questions est au centre d’un chapitre de la thèse que nous soumettrons dans le cadre de cette intervention.

  • February
    Armand Aupiais-L’homme (Université Paris Diderot)
    “Pentecostal churches and international migrations in Istanbul. Findings and perspectives”

The draft to be submitted reports the first findings of an ongoing PHD research in Anthropology. Ethnographic fieldwork is carried out since October 2013 among Christian religious groups in Istanbul. Our main problem is to understand how pentecostal organizations conciliate both global presence and local anchorage. This involves networks of religious actors we depict as immigrants and/or autochthons, drawing attention on their singular approaches of thereness and hereness. We will first propose a typology for pentecostal churches in Istanbul, based on the way international migrants take part within the division of evangelical labour. Finally, we wish to underline the diverse religious meanings given to migration paths inside churches, asking whether it shapes representations of the territories’ identities, and interplays with migration projects.

This working-paper is not intended to give rise to a publication. We wish the discussion to help us finding appropriates methodological and theoretical perspectives for the coming two years.

  • January
    Farkhad Alimukhamedov (Université Turgut Özal)
    “International students enrolled at Turkish universities. Between student mobility and skilled migration”

The seminar gives the opportunity to share the results from the survey conducted with African students in Ankara, which stems from a previous research by Farkhad Alimukhamedov  (“The Analysis of International Students Migration Towards Turkey”, Bilge Strateji, 7, 12:117-132 [download it]).The author tries to frame the question of Turkey’s increasing attempts for internationalization of its Higher Education. The paper identifies the social and demographic belonging of international students in Turkey and highlights the strategies and paths of the foreigners by underlining their social and economic life in the host society. Finally, it also draws the pathways for international students which are remodeling student mobility to skilled migration.

IFEA, Istanbul
  • May
    Salvatore PALIDDA (Université de Gênes/Università degli Studi di Genova)
    Présentation et mise en perspective des analyses de l’ouvrage Governance of Security and Ignored Insecurities in Contemporary Europe, Salvatore Palidda (éd.), London & New York : Routledge, 2016

Ce livre décrit et analyse les changements dans la gouvernance de la sécurité en Europe abordant en particulier ses conséquences les plus importantes : la prolifération des insécurités ignorés, c’est-à-dire l’augmentation des cancers, les catastrophes environnementales, les économies souterraines (dont la reproduction des migrations irrégulières, le néo-esclavagisme, la fraude fiscale, la corruption, les violences des plus forts et en général les dommages à la res publica).  Le livre se termine par une réflexion novatrice sur le débat Anthropocène et le sommet COP21. Le directeur de l’ouvrage, professeur de sociologie à l’Université de Gênes, a commencé sa carrière académiques à l’EHESS de Paris, a dirigé l’équipe italienne dans plusieurs projets européens et il est auteurs de plus de 70 publications en français, anglais et espagnol et plus de 80 en italien. Pour une mise en perspective, la présentation de l’ouvrage sera suivie de la présentation des recherches antérieures s’inscrivant sur une longue période de celui qui l’a dirigé.

  • April
    Adeline BRAUX (IFEA, Caucasus branch – Baku)
    “Relocation from Russia to Azerbaijan: adaptation experiences of young Russian-Azerbaijanis to their parents’ homeland”

Around 800,000 Azerbaijanis live in the Russian Federation, among them a significant number of young second-generation people. The collapse of the USSR gave rise to these first ‘hyphenated Russian-Azerbaijanis’, who find themselves between two cultural spaces but are generally embedded in the Russian environment they have always lived in. This article focuses on the way these young people cope with relocation to Azerbaijan. Based on new material gathered during extensive fieldwork in different regions of the country, the conference will explore the issues of adaptation from a practical point of view. It will also consider the feelings of otherness and nostalgia that many young Russian-Azerbaijanis experience as they make the transition. As well as considering how they negotiate their position in their families and within local communities, the conference will deal with issues around return migration from the perspective of gender. The overall aim is to contribute to our understanding of the experience of second-generation children as they migrate to their parents’ homeland.

  • February
    Hedi  Saïdi (Université Catholique de Lille)
    « Un demi-siècle de l’immigration et de l’émigration dans les médias français et tunisiens »  

Sur la base de l’analyse d’un corpus médiatique constitué à partir des années 1960 (articles de presse et émissions de journaux télévisés) et à l’appui des analyses antérieures de l’auteur (Hedi Saïdi, Une immigration face au colonialisme, le Geai Bleu, 2007 ; Histoire tunisienne, L’Harmattan, 2014 ; dir., Savoirs critiques et connaissances historiques, L’Harmattan, 2015) cette intervention vise à faire la genèse et à suivre la « carrière » des stéréotypes véhiculés dans les médias, aussi bien en France qu’en Tunisie, à propos des immigrés/émigrés et de leurs descendants. Pour ce, on s’attachera spécifiquement à contextualiser ces stéréotypes au regard de l’évolution des politiques publiques de part et d’autre.

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